Selasa, 13 Oktober 2009



Teks descriptive bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan ciri-ciri seseorang, suatu benda atau tempat tertentu.

Struktur Teks:

  1. Pengenalan benda, orang atau sesuatu yang akan dideskripsikan.
  2. Deskripsi: menggambarkan ciri-ciri benda tersebut,misalnya berasal dari mana, warnanya, ukurannya, kesukaannya dsb. Deskripsi ini hanya memberikan informasi mengenai benda atau orang tertentu yang sedang dibahas saja, misalnya deskripsi tentang ‘My Pet. Ciri-ciri ‘anjing saya’ tersebut dapat berbeda dengan anjing yang lain.


My Pet

I have a pet. It is a dog and I call it Brownie. Brownie is a Chinese breed. It is small, fluffy, and cute. It has got thick brown fur. When I cuddle it, the fur feels soft. Brownie does not like bones. Everyday it eats soft food like steamed rice, fish or bread. Every morning I give her milk and bread. When I am at school, Brownie plays with my cat. They get along well, and never fight maybe because brownie does not bark a lot. It treats the other animals in our house.


This task is for individual. Think of a free thing to describe. You have a few days to practice individually. Then you have to present it in the class. You will have in about three minutes for the presentation. GOOD LUCK!

PS: Feel free to have questions and send them by e-mail at

Minggu, 04 Oktober 2009

Speaking 2


Teks procedure bertujuan untuk memberi petunjuk tentang langkah-langkah / metode/ cara-cara melakukan sesuatu. Teks procedure umumnya berisi tips atau serangkaian tindakan atau langkah dalam membuat suatu barang atau melakukan suatu aktifitas.

Teks procedure umumnya memiliki struktur:

- Goal, Tujuan kegiatan atau judul

- Materials, bahan-bahan yang dibutuhkan untuk membuat suatu barang / melakukan suatu aktifitas, sifatnya optional.

- Steps, langkah-langkah

Teks procedure sering menggunakan unsur kebahasaan atau kata-kata tertentu, antara lain:

- Imperative, kalimat-kalimat perintah, misalnya go, sit, don’t put, don’t mix, dsb.

- Action verb, kata kerja yang berhubungan dengan aktifitas fisik, misalnya mix, turn, don’t, put, dsb.

- Connective of sequence, misalnya then, while, next, after that, finally, dll.

- Numbering, angka-angka yang menunjukkan urutan kegiatan, misalnya first, second, third, dst.

Contoh :

How to Make a Cheese Omelet

Ingredients : 1 egg, 50 g cheese, cup milk, 3 tablespoons cooking oil, a pinch of salt and pepper.

Utensils : Frying pan, fork, spatula, cheese grater, bowl, plate.

Method / Steps :

1. Crack an egg into a bowl

2. Whisk the egg with a fork until it is smooth

3. Add milk and whisk well

4. Grate the cheese into the bowl and stir

5. Heat the oil in a frying pan

6. Pour the mixture in a frying pan

7. Turn the omelet with a spatula when it browns

8. Cook both sides

9. Place on a plate; season with salt and pepper.

10. Eat while warm

Exercise and the TASK:


Make a group of 3 to 5. Choose one of the topics below. Write down the goal (topic), materials (things needed) and the steps (how to do/ make) based on the example above. Practice and perform it with the members of your group. Present it in the class.

  1. How to make a thing like: handicrafts (kerajinan tangan)
  2. How to make a thing like: origami (kertas lipat)
  3. How to register to be a bank costumer
  4. How to get money from an ATM
  5. How to transfer money from an ATM
  6. How to make an email
  7. How to arrange a beautiful “head cover/ veil”
  8. How to sign up to be a FACEBOOK member

PS: I will not accept groups which members are less than 3 persons.